Arts and museums

Lithuania obtained its first railway connection in the midst of the 19th century, when the Warsaw – Saint Petersburg Railway was constructed. It included a stretch from Daugavpils by way of Vilnius and Kaunas to Virbalis. The first and solely nonetheless working tunnel was accomplished in 1860. In 2017, Lithuania was prime 30 in the world by common cellular broadband speeds and prime 20 by common mounted broadband speeds.Lithuania was additionally prime 7 in 2017 within the List of nations by 4G LTE penetration. In 2016, Lithuania was ranked seventeenth in United Nations’ e-participation index.

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It can also be a member of the European Union, the Council of Europe, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, as well as NATO and its adjunct North Atlantic Coordinating Council. Lithuania gained membership in the World Trade Organization on 31 May 2001, and joined the OECD on 5 July 2018, while additionally seeking membership in different Western organizations. On 25 October 1992 the residents of Lithuania voted in a referendum to undertake the present structure. On 14 February 1993, through the direct common elections, Algirdas Brazauskas grew to become the primary president after the restoration of independence of Lithuania. On 31 August 1993 the last items of the Soviet Army left the territory of Lithuania.

The linguistic material which he collected was printed within the 20 volumes of Academic Dictionary of Lithuanian and remains to be being used in analysis and in modifying of texts and books. He also introduced the letter ū into Lithuanian writing. The historic communities of Lipka Tatars keep Islam as their faith. The Lithuanian Jewish community numbered about 4,000 at the finish of 2009. According to the 2011 census, 77.2% of residents of Lithuania were Catholics.

In different languages

The microbrewery scene in Lithuania has been growing in later years, with a variety of bars focusing on these beers popping up in Vilnius and in addition in different components of the country. According to the World Bank, the literacy fee amongst Lithuanians aged 15 years and older is 100%. School attendance rates are above the EU common and school depart is much less frequent than within the EU.

Then, a few months in the past I learn an article in regards to the scenario of Polish minority in Lithuania. It seems the principle downside is that the principle official language in Lithuania throughout Soviet rule was Russian.

images that may make you wonder why you have never traveled to Lithuania

“Lithuania within the Schengen area – Coming to Lithuania – Travel and Residence – Ministry of Foreign Affairs”. “World Bank Country and Lending Groups – World Bank Data Help Desk”. Vilnius is the only city with three choirs laureates (Brevis, Jauna Muzika and Chamber Choir of the Conservatoire) at the European Grand Prix for Choral Singing. There is a long-standing tradition of the Dainų šventė (Lithuanian Song and Dance Festival). Since 1990, the festival has been organised each four years and summons roughly 30,000 singers and folks dancers of various skilled levels and age teams from throughout the nation.

As of 2015[update], sixty six.5% of the total inhabitants lives in city areas. Lithuania’s practical city areas embrace Vilnius (inhabitants 696,000 in 2016) and Kaunas (population 387,000 in 2016).

Minority colleges are public, where the schooling is free (taxpayer-funded). Long-term venture (2005–2013) – Development of Rural Areas Broadband Network (RAIN) was started with the target to offer residents, state and municipal authorities and businesses with fibre-optic broadband access in rural areas.

“Lietuvos automobilių kelių direkcija prie Susisiekimo ministerijos”. “Situation of Polish minorities in Lithuania is a discrimination of EU citizens”. For over two years Lithuania has been transferring towards reclaiming its independence. This drive reached a crescendo on 11 March 1990, when the Supreme Soviet of Lithuania declared the republic no longer sure by Soviet law. The act reasserted the independence Lithuania had declared more than seventy years earlier than, a declaration unilaterally annulled by the united statesS.R. in 1940 when it annexed Lithuania as the results of a pact between Stalin and Hitler.

On 7 July 1879 the Russian Emperor Alexander II accredited of a proposal from the Russian navy leadership to construct the most important “first-class” defensive construction in the whole state – the sixty five km2 (25 sq mi) Kaunas Fortress. Large numbers of Lithuanians went to the United States in 1867–1868 after a famine.

Unit No. 1 was closed in December 2004, as a situation of Lithuania’s entry into the European Union; Unit No. 2 was closed down on 31 December 2009. Proposals have been made to construct a brand new – Visaginas Nuclear Power Plant in Lithuania. However, a non-binding referendum held in October 2012 clouded the prospects for the Visaginas project lithuania woman, as 63% of voters said no to a brand new nuclear energy plant. Lithuanian Railways’ primary network consists of 1,762 km (1,095 mi) of 1,520 mm (four ft 11.eight in) Russian gauge railway of which 122 km (seventy six mi) are electrified.

There are more Slavs than another ethnic group in Europe. Russians make up probably the most Slavs, adopted by Poles and Ukrainians. Lithuanian settlement extends into adjoining countries that are now outdoors the trendy Lithuanian state. A small Lithuanian neighborhood exists within the neighborhood of Puńsk and Sejny within the Suwałki space of Poland, an space associated with the Lithuanian author and cleric Antanas Baranauskas.

Education

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The Helsinki Group informed the Western world in regards to the state of affairs in the Soviet Lithuania and violations of human rights. With the beginning of the increased openness and transparency in authorities institutions and activities (glasnost) within the Soviet Union, on three June 1988, the Sąjūdis was established in Lithuania.